4 Aug 2020


“The Pugnido's Nostalgia” And Dream Of A Book

"We never believed that there would be another war that could make us flee the country again like we did back then".

By Tut Kuany Kok

I was brought up in Pugnido Refugees Camp in Ethiopia, western part of Gambella region till 2007, two years after the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) was signed in the year 2005 between the SPLM/A and the Arab-North of Sudan.

We were therefore repatriated back home simply because the peace that ended the 21 years of brutality was signed.

I remember, with nostalgia, that during repatriation process, there were some refugees who tried to commit suicides because they were told that they won't be repatriated, for they did not fully pass the verification process as it was the main thing to do before one was repatriated.

I also witnessed some refugees who tried to burn into ashes the UN-Compound there. This chronicle proved it beyond doubt that being a refugee is a disaster with lot of traumatizing conditions one must undergo.

After we arrived South Sudan, we felt at home, comfortable and happy, for we broke the chains of refugee status of confinement and frustration.

At home, we were received by family members, relatives and neighbours that we were long parted from and separated by one of the longest wars in Africa.

We never believed that there would be another war that could make us flee the country again like we did back then. We thought that the country was fully settled and that the refugees should come home and rebuilt their shattered lives and the purposes God created them for.

In 2013, after we consumed six years at home, another fatal war broke out that left 400,000 dead and displaced 2.1 million refugees.

I was flabbergasted as I found myself a refugee again at Kakuma Refugees Camp in Kenya, one of the largest refugee camps in the world. It's a camp that I never heard of before.

It is painful when one is moving from one refugee camp to another because of instability, injustice, oppression and maiming in the country.

It's also devastating when one is being described as the burden by the host country. In this case, the South Sudanese who now have their own country need to stand firm to stop that instability.

Note from the writer: “The story isn't fully written. The full story will come in a few years time. That's just its sample”.


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