3 Jun 2020

 

Sudanese Still Stuck Between Islam And Secular State

"...no change to religious and racial social attitudes, and they are not likely to change soon, from “Arab and Islamic identity” for a Sudanese inclusive national identity."

By Dr. Aldo Deng Akuey

The Sudanese, the government negotiation team and several groups of rebel teams, are intensely engaged in a marathon to end the wars in the country.

The moderator is H.E President Salva Kiir, in represented by his security advisor, Hon. Tut Galuak.

Three national issues seem to dominate the negotiations agenda: (a) system of governance, liberties, freedoms, democracy and the rule of law; (b) secular versus Islamic state; and (c) the crisis of exclusive national identity (Arab versus African races).

Those were the issues which ignited the longest African war, between Khartoum/Sudan and Southern Sudan, from 18 August 1955 to 9 January 2005.

Khartoum rejected secularism, African identity and opted for minority Arab identity (31 % Arabs versus 69 % African populations); federal system of government, which was the only option available for South Sudanese to accept unity between Khartoum and Southern Sudan then.

Ra’an (Human) William Deng Nhial and our lead Political Philosopher, Charismatic Leader (Ra’an), Dr. John Garang de Mabior, offered scientific federalism as the safety net for a united Republic of Sudan.

But, unfortunately, Khartoum shamefully rejected the proposal and unilaterally opted for an Islamic Arab state.

Has Khartoum then managed to run an Islamic since 1956? No! Khartoum’s Arabs failed both “Sudan is for Sudanese” and Islamic-Arabs’ Sudan, which all the Sudanese must have learned from.

Nevertheless, no change to religious and racial social attitudes, and they are not likely to change soon, from “Arab and Islamic identity” for a Sudanese inclusive national identity.

“Sudan shall not be the same again,” claimed Dr. John, after signing the Comprehensive Peace Agreement, CPA, on 9 January 2005 in Nairobi, Kenya. This prediction by Dr. John continues to hold.

It continues to hold because the people of Darfur, the Nuba Mountains, the South Blue Nile, the Eastern and Northern are calling for federal system of government, secular state and “Sudan for Sudanese.”

In opposite, the Arabs want a unitary system under Islamic constitution. Quite difficult for Sudan to find a quick resolution in order to end these wars.

I so much believe that no credible solution for Sudan could be found that could finally resolved the identity and racial hegemony, considering the ongoing scenario, led by Hon. Tut Galuak, in Juba.

Reading the issues in hand, the parties in the negotiations will fail again to reach a tangible and lasting constitutional working agreement. Some groups may forge an agreement, but people of Nuba Mountains and Darfur are expected to disagree, and might finally opt out of unity, which seems to contain inequality and injustice.

President Salva and First Vice President Riek Machar may, for convenience sake, try to impose a bogus temporary peace deal on the parties sitting in Juba now, but any fictitious peace deal on Sudan, shall not resolve the conflict or expected to last after three years.
 

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