4 Aug 2020

 

How Governments Are Formed: A Reminder To South Sudanese Leaders

"I humbly remind the principals to the R-TGONU that you have before you a negotiated government and elected one. Therefore, guide the State Governors and Chief Administrators to form the state governments in strictest manner and procedures laid down in the matrix of responsibility sharing..."

By Beny Gideon Mabor*  

There are two procedures for formation of the government in every country. South Sudan is not an exception to this procedural requirements.

One such procedure is formation of the government after general elections whether in a parliamentary system where the party that won majority seats in the parliament form the government or if no party control a majority of seats, they can form a coalition government; while the other form of government is presidential system where the President appoint members of the cabinet and other positions after the general elections.

Another procedure is a negotiated government in absence of elections through a political process by either warring parties during the violent conflict or a transitional government that come into force by political consensus amongst the political forces due to failure of slated general elections by considerable force majeure.


In both procedures, the appointing authority usually considered three eligibility requirements for anyone to join the government:
1. The nominee must possess necessary academic qualifications and experience in the field of his or her studies or specialisation;
2. The nominee must not only be a member of political party which is a stakeholder in the formation of any form of government in question, but must have fully understood the aims, objectives, and ideological path of the political party he or she represents;
3. Finally, that the nominee must have a constituency base support to rally people behind the political party in order to win elections during the next periodic elections or at the end of transitional period.

In South Sudan, the Revitalised Transitional Government of National Unity (R-TGONU) is a negotiated government. However, the above-mentioned eligibility requirements remain the same and should be considered and applied in the formation of government at all levels.

Following the recent appointment of State Governors and Chief Administrators, there has been community-based politics throughout the country in the identification of nominees for the roles of ministers, county commissioners and other constitutional post holders.

This community politics, in my opinion is dangerous and counterproductive to achieving the intended objectives of the Revitalised Agreement on the Resolution of Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan (R-ARCISS 2018). This is because the Governors and Chief Administrators may not form the government in compliance with eligibility requirements for the formation of the government. The communities through the influence of chiefs, who are now at active community politics, may bring people who do not meet eligibility requirements to join the government.

In light of this background, I humbly remind the principals to the R-TGONU that you have before you a negotiated government and elected one. Therefore, guide the State Governors and Chief Administrators to form the state governments in strictest manner and procedures laid down in the matrix of responsibility sharing at state and local government levels as stipulated by the R-ARCISS 2018.

 

*Beny Gideon Mabor is a Commissioner at the South Sudan Human Rights Commission and this is solely personal opinion and not otherwise.
 

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