Education System of South Sudan
Mission of the Ministry of General Education and Instruction
We cherish education for all our people equally and aim to provide a lifelong education for the children and adults of south Sudan, an education that relevant and based on the needs of the people, to enable them to be responsible and productive citizens.
The ministry of education constructed a parallel system of formal and alternative education systems.
The Formal education ladder is an 8-4-4 system that is eight (8) years of primary education, four (4) years of secondary education and four (4) years of higher education.
Alternative Education system (AES) – This is a system of prescribed courses of study which assist an otherwise out of school learner, children or adults, to accelerate their education system or to gain needed skills for a productive life.
Alternative Education System consists of 6 different programs namely Accelerated Learning Program (ALP), Basic Functional Adult Literacy (BFAL), Community Girls School (CGS); Intensive English Courses (IEC) and others. This offers flexible entry and exit points for the children, youth and adults. According to the Education statistics for the Republic of South Sudan 2011 - 87% of all Alternative Education system learners are under the Accelerated Learning Program (ALP) reaching out to 143,685 people. The ALP compresses the 8 years of primary education into 4 years, so a graduate may continue on to secondary education.
Technical and Vocational Education and Training – this prepares students for practical and applicable skills that will lead to occupations either in form of a job or as livelihood.
According to the Education statistics for the Republic of South Sudan by 2011 there were at least 5,500 students enrolled in technical and vocational education programs. The distribution of students between States is uneven. The majority of the Technical and vocational centres are mainly concentrated in Central Equatoria State which represents almost half of the technical and vocational centres.
The gender disparity between technical and vocational students across the ten (10) States of South Sudan except Lakes state, females comprise only 37.7% of the student population, in Warrap State no females are enrolled in any Technical and vocational education centres.
Unlike formal education, Technical and vocational programs are orientated for a broad-based preparation for the world of work. Wide gender disparity exists within programs with males dominating the technology and manual work areas such as welding technology (99.3%) and carpentry (95.5%) and females dominating the areas of hairdressing, tailoring and other.
Curriculum of Education
Most schools in South Sudan have adapted the South Sudan education curriculum. Only a few schools that lack the educational materials use the Kenyan, Uganda, Ethiopian curricula, and the smallest proportion uses the old traditional Khartoum curriculum.
English is the official language of instruction/education in south Sudan. English is the commonly used language in both primary and higher levels of education. However in the primary level, its commonly in the upper primary levels primary 5 – primary 8. In the Lower primary 1 – primary 3 the use of the various different mother tongue languages represents a higher proportion at this level. The use of Arabic, though minimal across the board, maintains its influence across P1- P3 and the in Primary 8.